Colitis in Tulsa, OK

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Colitis is the inflammation of the tissue lining the digestive tract. Although ulcerative colitis is oftentimes referred to as colitis, they are two different conditions. There are different forms of this condition that can lead to inflammation of the digestive tract, as well as other issues. Some types of colitis include:

  • Ischemic (ischaemic) colitis: A consequence of poor blood flow
  • Infectious colitis (food poisoning): A result of ingestion of contaminated drinks or food
  • IBD colitis (ulcerative colitis): Causes irritation and inflammation of the intestinal tract
  • Microscopic colitis: Results in persistent loose bowel movements

The board-certified gastroenterologists at Adult Gastroenterology Associates can identify and treat the different types of colitis. If you need assistance for colitis in Tulsa, OK or to find out more about available treatment options, we welcome you to request a consultation at a location in your community today.

There are several explanations for why the tissue lining the large bowel can become inflamed. A few of the most common causes include:

  • Allergies
  • Infection (related to parasites in the intestines)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Attack of the colon wall with protein or lymphocytes
  • Some nonprescription and prescription drugs (frequent medicines bringing on colitis are NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and mycophenolate)
  • Diminished blood flow to the intestine (ischemia)
  • IBD (inflammatory bowel disease)

Regardless of the cause of your colitis, our GI specialists at your nearest Adult Gastroenterology Associates location are ready help you find treatment.

Symptoms of colitis present differently in each person. Some possible symptoms are:

  • Pain in/of the joints or abdomen (colon), which could come in waves or be persistent
  • Ulcers on the colon
  • Stools with blood
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Abnormal bathroom habits (including the persistent need to have a bowel movement)
  • Tiredness
  • Loose, watery stool (with or without the presence of blood in bowel movement)
  • Abdominal tenderness
  • Red, inflamed eyes
  • Rise in body temperature and/or chilling (symptoms of infection)
  • Sores in the lining of the mouth
  • Feeling depressed
  • Cramping

If you are experiencing any number of these symptoms consistently, don't hesitate to contact us to be assessed by one of our Tulsa, OK gastrointestinal providers.

Treatments are advised on a case-by-case basis. Common treatments used for all forms of colitis include:

  • Administering fluids to the body (by mouth or through an IV)
  • Altering your diet
  • Improving essential body functions
  • Painkillers
  • Common inflammatory bowel disease medications

Depending on the cause of the colitis, treatment options can differ:

  • Infections: If the infection is caused by bacteria, then antibiotics may be the best treatment. If the infection is caused by a virus, then staying hydrated and waiting several days are the best methods to treat colitis.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: If the cause of the inflammation is a result of Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, then you may be advised to take NSAID medicines. Additionally, medications that suppress the immune system could be necessary. Depending on the severity of your colitis, a surgical procedure could be necessary.
  • Microscopic colitis: In certain cases, your body can heal itself. The colitis could also be treated with anti-diarrheal drugs along with particular steroids, adjustment of diet, and occasionally, surgery.
  • Ischemic colitis: Common treatment for ischemic colitis is to rehydrate your body by using intravenous therapy and only consuming clear liquids. If blood supply is not restored to the colon, then a surgical procedure could be performed to remove the portions of the large intestine that suffered the loss of blood flow.
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Don't hesitate to visit a GI specialist if you have diarrhea that lasts for more than 14 days, blood in your stool, dehydration or fever, or severe abdominal pain that worsens over time. When you are searching for a specialist to help improve or address colitis, trust the board-certified GI providers at an Adult Gastroenterology Associates location in your community.

Our GI specialists in Tulsa, OK are always staying up to date with the latest treatments for colitis. The team of providers at your nearest Adult Gastroenterology Associates location offers patient-centric care that allows you to improve your well-being. For specialized colitis treatment in Tulsa, OK, please request a consultation with at a location in your community today.

How do colitis and ulcerative colitis compare to each other?

While both colitis and ulcerative colitis involve inflammation of the colon, they affect your health and comfort in different ways. Colitis is a broad term that refers to any inflammation of the colon, which can be triggered by infections, ischemia, reactions to medications, or allergies, typically presenting with abdominal pain and diarrhea. Ulcerative colitis, a subset of colitis, is classified as an inflammatory bowel disease and is marked by long-term inflammation and ulcers on the colon's inner lining, often resulting in more intense symptoms.

How should I adjust my diet if I have colitis?

Managing colitis effectively means adhering to a diet designed to reduce intestinal irritation and support recovery. We recommend following a low-residue diet that limits fiber intake to decrease the size and frequency of your bowel movements. An anti-inflammatory diet, incorporating omega-3 fatty acids, lean proteins, and a variety of fruits and vegetables, can help curb inflammation. You can also follow an elimination diet, cutting out potential irritants like gluten, diary, and processed foods and slowly reintroducing them to determine which foods lead to symptoms for you. We'll collaborate to develop a dietary plan that relieves symptoms, ensures nutritional well-being, and enhances your digestive health.

What are the potential complications of untreated colitis?

Colitis can lead to a range of potentially severe health complications if left untreated. One such complication is colon perforation, a critical condition in which a rupture develops in the colon wall, posing immediate danger. Another serious risk is toxic megacolon, where the colon suddenly enlarges and may burst. Moreover, prolonged untreated inflammation can increase the likelihood of colon cancer and other inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis or certain skin diseases. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are vital to helping you avoid these significant health concerns.

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